Retirement planning for women often overlooks the fact that women may be spending the second half of their retirement living alone, as more women than men are likely to find themselves single due to living longer and divorce. Whether you’re married or single, planning your retirement is a critical form of self-care that will deliver peace and confidence when you need it most.
The trend toward self-care has become more visible in recent years. And while many associate it with health and wellness, financial planning is also a form of self-care. Having comfort in knowing that you have money in place to cover emergencies, your health needs, and your lifestyle is priceless.
We’ve all seen the stats around women and money and the unique challenges women experience in managing and building wealth. Factors—from the gender-pay gap to life events that may take women out of the workplace, like caring for children or aging parents—show up in women’s financial security, especially in later years. And while it’s common to see media portrayals of retirement showing two people, not one, many women may start their retirement as a couple and then spend time in retirement solo. In fact, women are likely to be the primary financial decision maker at some point of their lives, and for some this role starts when their spouse passes away or after a divorce.
This context is important for all women to consider when planning for retirement. Women tend to live longer than men (age 81 vs. age 76)1, get paid less (82 cents for every dollar)2, and as a result are often unable to save enough for retirement. According to a report by the World Economic Forum, women in the U.S. face a retirement savings gap of 10 years, meaning they should expect to live 10 years longer than the money they’ve saved for retirement.3 With the rise of incapacity from causes like Alzheimer’s disease, dementia, or disability, another 10% of women may find themselves “alone while partnered.”4
Sound financial, investment and estate planning can help women account for these differences and create a comfortable lifestyle throughout their retirement years, but many times retirement planning for women overlooks those facts.
In most marriages, there’s a division of labor to maximize efficiency. For example, one spouse might manage day-to-day finances while the other handles the investments and wealth-building aspects. It’s important to stay involved in your household finances and get the complete picture of your wealth. We’ve seen instances of women clients who haven’t been involved in finances suddenly face a steep learning curve when a crisis hits, leaving her as the sole decision maker.
If you work with an advisor, attend those meetings with your spouse so that you obtain financial literacy and understand how your financial plan works. Think of these scheduled conversations with your advisor and spouse as critical times to discuss money and delegation of responsibilities. When thinking about retirement, it’s important to factor in your wants and make sure your voice is heard, because what you envision for your retirement may be different from your spouse’s vision. Not all decisions have to be jointly made. But it’s critical that women stay involved in conversations about retirement because women, more often than not, outlive their husbands. And because it’s highly likely that one spouse outlives the other, retirement planning together gives both spouses an opportunity to consider all possible scenarios.
Joe and Harriet, a retired married couple who reside in South Carolina, also have a condo in Sun Valley, Idaho, that they’ve owned for over 20 years. Sun Valley is Joe’s “happy place” – a mountain town where he can hike and fish in the summer and ski in the winter. When he retired, he wanted to sell the condo in Sun Valley and buy a much larger, single-family second home. It’s about twice the value of the condo but also comes with more maintenance costs and upkeep.
Harriet likes being in Idaho, but what she loves most is that her husband is so happy when they’re there. She’s nervous about having the larger amount of money tied up in a second home and the increased carrying costs. She shares that it’s very unlikely she would keep using the house as much when Joe passes away. If she were alone, she wouldn’t feel comfortable living in a smaller town with more limited health care resources. She would also want to remain closer to her children in South Carolina, instead of a four-hour flight away.
Going through the planning process, Joe and Harriet discussed and resolved several decisions:
Traditionally, many in financial services have treated married couples as the default, often neglecting to adjust long-term planning for the unique challenges single women can sometimes face in retirement. Being an independent woman, whether by choice or life event, has both perks and disadvantages. With the autonomy of being single, you get to decide what to do with your life. Want to take a trip? Make a purchase? The only decision needed is yours.
But single women face specific challenges when it comes to retirement. You may think that expenses would go down during retirement since one person spends less than two. But if you’re single, it’s important to factor in the possibility that your expenses may increase. You may have plans to travel but find that you are charged a single supplement for your own room or may wish to pay for a companion to travel with you. You may also want to purchase a dream retirement home but need to factor in funding for additional repairs or maintenance that you need to pay someone to do. You may also need to consider additional funding for health care aides or long-term care after an illness or disability. Working with an advisor, you can be intentional in planning for these scenarios during your retirement.
Susan was divorced after a long marriage, with three grown children who had moved away. She decided she wanted to move to an area that she had always enjoyed visiting on vacation, where she could enjoy the slower lifestyle pace and local activities.
She sold the family home and used the proceeds to buy one in the resort area. But after living there for a few years, she realized that she didn’t have the same feelings that she had initially. Her grown children came to visit, but it was a bit inconvenient for them to travel to the resort area, and they were busy with their own jobs and families. Susan realized her priority was to be closer to her kids and grandkids.
Susan moved to the area where her kids live, even though she probably would not have considered living in the new area before. She is much happier because she’s near her family, but this decision did come with some financial consequences. The expenses of moving multiple times and taking a loss on the sale of the resort area house did require some adjustments to her financial plan. She also increased her travel budget so that she could pay for friends to go with her on trips since her friends couldn’t afford the kinds of travel she wanted to do.
One of the best ways you can feel prepared and empowered to make wise financial decisions is to create a written financial plan. A financial plan brings together your life story, your ambitions, your dreams, and your assets into one comprehensive view. A well-crafted financial plan covers the numerous possible scenarios that you may face and has the flexibility built in to deal with the unknowns. Learn more about how to put a plan together here.
It’s better to have a plan in place when you’re faced with a crisis (like a spouse’s death, divorce or illness) than having to create a plan to manage a crisis. During periods of uncertainty and upheaval, it’s often our emotions that lead us. Having a plan allows you to expect the unexpected. It gives you the space to breathe and process these changes from a place of preparation and action. You’ve seen the signs that say: In case of emergency, break glass. Your financial plan functions in the same way and gives you the assurance that you can face whatever life throws at you. Whether you’re married or single, your advisor can help you put a plan together that encompasses all phases of your retirement.
1 United States Life Tables, 2017, Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 6/24/19. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr68/nvsr68_07-508.pdf
2 Semega, Jessica, “Payday, Poverty, and Women,” U.S. Census Bureau, 9/10/19. https://www.census.gov/library/stories/2019/09/payday-poverty-and-women.html
3 “Investing in (and for) Our Future” white paper, World Economic Forum, 06/19. http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_Investing_in_our_Future_report_2019.pdf
4 “Alzheimer’s Disease Fact Sheet,” National Institute on Aging. https://www.nia.nih.gov/health/alzheimers-disease-fact-sheet