Even during a crisis like COVID-19, there are things you can do to strengthen your financial position. Protecting your cash flow, reviewing your debt, and harvesting investment losses are just a few financial planning actions you can take to improve your long-term financial outcomes.
Any investment advisor worth their salt will tell clients to remain disciplined, avoid selling at the bottom, and make sure they are invested for the recovery. While this advice to essentially do nothing is incredibly valuable, I have found that in the midst of so much uncertainty, it is natural for people to want to do something. As an advisor speaking with many clients during this crisis, I am here to tell you that there are several actions you can take to ensure your financial plan survives these unprecedented times and comes out even stronger on the other side.
Shelter-in-place mandates have shuttered many small businesses and left millions of Americans out of work. For those who have at least 3-6 months’ worth of emergency cash reserves, this has allowed them to focus on their health, family, and communities, while avoiding the stress of a cash flow crunch. Nevertheless, you may want to consider temporary adjustments to your budget and contact lenders to defer loan payments. You should also review liquidity sources and have a plan in case it takes longer for society to start reopening. Ideas include tapping into a home or business line of credit, pulling from non-retirement investment accounts, and taking advantage of flexible retirement account loan and distribution options offered under the CARES Act.
If your cash flow has not been affected, look for ways to invest into the market at prices that are still 15-20% lower than they were 2 months ago. The best way to do this is by continuing automated savings as part of your long-term financial plan. In addition, consider investing cash that is sitting on the sidelines or front-loading some of your savings goals, especially to tax-advantaged accounts like 401ks, IRAs, and 529 plans. Have we reached the bottom of this bear market? It remains to be seen. What we do know is that the market rewards discipline and sticking to your investment plan during these uncertain times is more critical than ever.
After the recent market declines, your equity investments may have dropped below their original purchase price. By actively selling those positions and reinvesting in similar holdings, you can book capital losses to offset other income. This tax benefit allows for a lot more flexibility to diversify concentrated positions, swap out of outdated investment vehicles, or rebalance the portfolio at no tax cost. Having an efficient investment allocation is particularly important going into an eventual economic recovery and market upswing, and loss harvesting allows us to get closer to that optimal portfolio for much less tax cost.
Many clients are finding themselves with lower taxable income this year due to business losses, reduced capital gains, and the elimination of RMDs. This is a great time to convert tax-deferred IRA assets to a Roth IRA. Such conversions can reduce your total lifetime tax paid, potential estate tax, and future tax to beneficiaries. Furthermore, completing the conversion while the market is down allows for more shares to be converted, ensuring any recovery in those assets occurs in a tax-free environment.
Recent interest rate cuts mean a continuation of low rates. This is a great opportunity to consolidate high-interest-rate debt, review home and real estate refinancing options while they are low, and restructure debt so more of it is tax-deductible (e.g., held in a business, secured by income-producing real estate, used to finance primary home purchase up to $750,000).
The current health crisis is forcing many to confront the uncomfortable possibility of a premature death or incapacity. Now is a good time to review your estate plan, especially your healthcare and financial powers of attorney, HIPAA authorization, and advance health care directive. If something were to happen to you, does your family know who to call, where to locate your personal and financial information, and who has legal authority to make decisions on your behalf?
Being surrounded by so much loss and financial hardship has caused communities to find ways to support one another. This can be a good time to financially help those affected by the global pandemic, and completely offset your 2020 tax liability, by taking advantage of the 2020 elimination of charitable deduction limits.
Sometimes a change of pace can help to clarify what is and isn’t important in your life. Here are some questions to ask yourself:
While we can’t control the markets, there are several behaviors we can control during these times, including many opportunities that can ultimately improve long-term financial outcomes.